Britannia Pacificatrix by Sigismund Goetze at the Foreign Office, UK
Referring to recent literature which situates the history of the United States during the nineteenth century within the geopolitical and economic framework of the 'British world-system', Sexton argued that American expansionism and British imperialism were not two distinct and isolated processes, but, at least to some extent, interdependent. He stressed that Britain's global position of power, which was at its apogee during the Victorian era, was often the foundation on which US expansionism was built, both in North America and beyond.
The United States military has been intervening in other countries for a long time. In 1898, it seized the Philippines, Cuba, and Puerto Rico from Spain, and in 1917-18 became embroiled in World War I in Europe. In the first half of the 20th century it repeatedly sent Marines to "protectorates" such as Nicaragua, Honduras, Panama, Haiti, and the Dominican Republic. All these interventions directly served corporate interests, and many resulted in massive losses of civilians, rebels, and soldiers.
...although nearly all the post-World War II interventions were carried out in the name of "freedom" and "democracy," nearly all of them in fact defended dictatorships controlled by pro-U.S. elites. Whether in Vietnam, Central America, or the Persian Gulf, the U.S. was not defending "freedom" but an ideological agenda (such as defending capitalism) or an economic agenda (such as protecting oil company investments). In the few cases when U.S. military forces toppled a dictatorship--such as in Grenada or Panama--they did so in a way that prevented the country's people from overthrowing their own dictator first, and installing a new democratic government more to their liking.
Is the United States a force for democracy? ... If you flip over the rock of American foreign policy of the past century, this is what crawls out ... invasions ... bombings ... overthrowing governments ... occupations ... suppressing movements for social change ... assassinating political leaders ... perverting elections ... manipulating labor unions ... manufacturing "news" ... death squads ... torture ... biological warfare ... depleted uranium ... drug trafficking ... mercenaries ... It's not a pretty picture. It's enough to give imperialism a bad name.
This essay argues that American Imperialism is not a question, but a reality. "Imperialism" is a loaded word. To call the United States an imperial nation in conversation with an American official, whether a President, Secretary of Defense, or anyone of either official party, would be very impolite. And yet, while imperialism is delegitimized in public discourse, imperial reality defines our foreign policy. The U.S. is more of a military empire than many of us realize.
Project for a New American Century
The Project for the New American Century (PNAC) was a neoconservative think tank based in Washington, D.C. that focused on United States foreign policy. It was established as a non-profit educational organization in 1997, and founded by William Kristol and Robert Kagan. The PNAC's stated goal was "to promote American global leadership."
Established in the spring of 1997, the Project for the New American Century is a non- profit, educational organization whose goal is to promote American global leadership. ... The process of transformation, even if it brings revolutionary change, is likely to be a long one, absent some catastrophic and catalyzing event — like a new Pearl Harbor.
The United States has been pursuing a grand imperial strategy with the aim of staking out the globe.