The European Constitution was an unratified international treaty intended to create a consolidated constitution for the European Union (EU). It would have replaced the existing European Union treaties with a single text...
The aim of the European Constitution was to improve the efficiency of the Union's institutions and make them more democratic.
The result was a victory for the "No" campaign, with 55% of voters rejecting the treaty on a turnout of 69%.
Official results say that 61.6% of voters rejected the Constitution, on a turnout of 63.3%.
A referendum was expected to take place in the United Kingdom in 2006 to decide whether the country should ratify the proposed Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe. However, following the rejection of the Constitution by similar referendums in France in May 2005 and the Netherlands in June 2005, the UK vote was postponed indefinitely.
After voters voted down the Constitution in both the French and Dutch referendums before the Danish vote could take place, Danish prime minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen indicated that the referendum would be cancelled.
To come into force, the Treaty needed to be ratified by all EU member states, so when Ireland rejected the Lisbon Treaty in a referendum in June 2008 there was intense debate and speculation about the future of the Lisbon Treaty. The EU decided to take measures to encourage Ireland to ratify the Treaty: a number of 'protocols' were negotiated and added to the Treaty. Ireland then successfully ratified the Treaty following a second referendum in October 2009. (PDF)
According to the Irish Times news report below, a meeting is taking place in Brussels today between the entire EU Commission and Mr Martin Territt, Head of the EU Commission Representation in Ireland, to discuss how the Commission can influence Irish opinion in the lead-in to Ireland's re-run of the Lisbon referendum next October.
There has been massive interference by the European Commission in Ireland's Lisbon referendum re-run over the past month, as never happened before in the country's EU referendums.
Treaty of Lisbon
The Treaty of Lisbon is an international agreement which amends the two treaties which form the constitutional basis of the European Union (EU). The Treaty of Lisbon was signed by the EU member states on 13 December 2007, and entered into force on 1 December 2009.
The question was rendered moot when the constitution was superseded by the Treaty of Lisbon, which Parliament ratified in 2008 without holding a referendum.
On April 24, 2008 the Danish parliament ratified the Treaty's successor, the Treaty of Lisbon without a referendum.
Wolfs in sheep's clothing
The Treaty of Lisbon is the same as the rejected constitution. Only the format has been changed to avoid referendums.
He [Valéry Giscard d'Estaing] said that the content of the new Treaty was the same as in the rejected Constitution, but the format had changed from a legible Constitution to two sets of incomprehensible Treaty amendments.
The Constitutional Treaty was barely readable...
Senior members of the Irish Government were reported to have been hazy about its contents and to have described it as "incomprehensible".
European constitutions are more difficult to interpret than constitutions from any other region of the world.
The new EU reform treaty text was deliberately made unreadable for citizens to avoid calls for referendum... Speaking at a meeting of the Centre for European Reform in London on Thursday former Italian prime minister Giuliano Amato said: "They [EU leaders] decided that the document should be unreadable. If it is unreadable, it is not constitutional, that was the sort of perception".
We decide on something, leave it lying around and wait and see what happens. If no one kicks up a fuss, because most people don't understand what has been decided, we continue step by step until there is no turning back.
If it's a Yes, we will say 'on we go', and if it's a No we will say 'we continue'.
When it becomes serious, you have to lie.
...Dehaene turned his focus to Europe and played a key role in brokering an EU constitution. After referendums in France and the Netherlands rejected it, many parts of the plan were taken up by the Treaty of Lisbon that currently sets EU policy. "It made me proud," he said.
The idea of just changing the name of the Constitution and pretending that it is just another complex treaty shows a total contempt for voters.
The good thing about not calling it a Constitution is that no one can ask for a referendum on it. (link)
The concept of the 'Eurosphere' or 'European Empire' has grown in popularity in the early years of the 21st century.
Today's decisions will have a decisive impact on tomorrow's reality. Change is what we need now. Not turning back the clock, but looking forward. Today, Europe can propose the principles and rules that will shape a new global order, based on open societies and open economies. Open societies need the rule of law and democracy. Open economies need rules of transparency, sensible regulation and supervision.