1945 ... Peace and security?
The United Nations came into being in 1945, following the devastation of the Second World War, with one central mission: the maintenance of international peace and security. The UN does this by working to prevent conflict; helping parties in conflict make peace; peacekeeping; and creating the conditions to allow peace to hold and flourish.
Membership in the United Nations is open to all other peace-loving states which accept the obligations contained in the present Charter and, in the judgment of the Organization, are able and willing to carry out these obligations.
Do as We Say, Not as We Do
Globalization might actually be good for poor countries, if only rich countries played by the rules.
So, when the Iranians insist on their 'right' to enrich uranium for peaceful nuclear energy, they aren't asserting some self-contrived privilege; they are quoting the NPT.
The 5 UN Security Council permanent members are generally the largest arms dealers.
This report provides a comprehensive look at the causes of sexual exploitation and abuse by UN peacekeepers in Liberia and Haiti, the efforts made by the UN to address the problem, and concrete recommendations for further action.
In 6 out of 12 country studies on sexual exploitation of children in situations of armed conflict prepared for the present report, the arrival of peacekeeping troops has been associated with a rapid rise in child prostitution.
For less than $5, the Sri Lankan soldiers exploited the very population they were sent to safeguard.
The U.N.'s top human rights officials knew about allegations of child sexual abuse by French soldiers in Central African Republic.
Western troops, policemen, and civilians are largely to blame for the rapid growth of the sex slavery industry in Kosovo over the past five years, a mushrooming trade in which hundreds of women, many of them under-age girls, are tortured, raped, abused and then criminalised, Amnesty International said yesterday.
A photograph found on the remains of a victim of the 1995 Srebrenica massacre
The UN was unable to respond effectively to the genocides in Cambodia, Rwanda, the Balkans and Darfur.
The UN has to date not been effective in preventing genocide, and has had only a slightly better record in stopping it. There have been occasions when its interventions has occurred only after a genocide has taken place, and even then its major focus has been on facilitating the provision of aid by non-governmental agencies rather than on the task of tracking down the perpetrators and bringing them to justice.
The Oil-for-Food Programme was introduced by United States President Bill Clinton's administration in 1995, as a response to arguments that ordinary Iraqi citizens were inordinately affected by the international economic sanctions aimed at the demilitarisation of Saddam Hussein's Iraq, imposed in the wake of the first Gulf War.
More than 2,000 firms linked to the UN oil-for-food programme in Iraq were involved...
Four years after the scandal broke, how many beneficiaries have been brought to book? None in Russia, the country that won the lion's share (nearly a third) of oil deals. ... America has also moved fastest in probing misdeeds by firms. ... France, which had the second-biggest share of oil deals under the programme, has also been beavering away. ... In Germany, investigators are looking at some 40 as yet unnamed firms; prosecutors refuse to give details. Switzerland says it is investigating 36 firms, which it likewise declines to name, but none is expected to face federal prosecution. ... The oddity in hindsight is that most of the malefactors seem to have been businessmen, not members of the UN bureaucracy, ... Arguably, the real culprits at the UN were not its officials but the Security Council, whose five permanent members invented a scheme that was wide open to abuse but who failed to impose the necessary safeguards.