War on Drugs
Global drug trade
"The War on Drugs" is an American term usually applied to the United States government's campaign of prohibition of drugs, military aid, and military intervention, with the stated aim being to reduce the illegal drug trade. This initiative includes a set of drug policies that are intended to discourage the production, distribution, and consumption of psychoactive drugs that the participating governments and the UN have made illegal.
Over the past decade, despite significant increases in drug war spending, drug use rates have continued to rise.
It has now been almost 44 years of the War on Drugs, a war lasting longer than almost all wars in American history combined. The winners of this war are government contractors, the law enforcement "business" and the prison industrial complex. ... Drug war losers are the American taxpayers, drug addicts and civil liberties.
The drug war's failure has been recognized by public health professionals, security experts, human rights authorities and now some of the world's most respected economists.
Latin America: Cocaine for the masses
Michael Levine ... tells how the beautiful South American "Queen of Cocaine" seduced the CIA into protecting her from prosecution as she sold drugs to Americans; how CIA-sponsored paramilitary ousted, tortured, and killed members of a pro-DEA Bolivian ruling party; and how the CIA created La Corporacion, the "General Motors of cocaine," which led directly to the current cocaine/crack epidemic.
In this article about four dozen historical cases of CIA drug trafficking are summarized, complete with sources. These summaries and sources should make it much easier to understand the intricacies of CIA drug trafficking allegations, see how various cases fit together, leap over some of the less reliable ones, and form a relatively clear opinion as to whether or not this subject is credible.
Acclaimed investigator and former DEA agent Michael Levine has alleged that the CIA participated in orchestrating the 1980 Cocaine Coup in Bolivia, when Luis García Meza Tejada took control, to install an Operation Condor military government, in place of the pre-coup civilian government. The drug links of the coup government were obvious to the international community, which led to the coup becoming termed "the Cocaine Coup" by historians.
George H.W. Bush with Manuel Noriega
Manuel Noriega worked with the CIA from the late 1950s until the 1980s.
Beginning in 1986, U.S. President Ronald Reagan negotiated with General Noriega, requesting that the Panamanian leader peacefully step down after Noriega was publicly exposed in the New York Times by Seymour Hersh, and later exposed in the Iran-Contra Scandal. In the 1988 U.S. presidential election, Democratic candidate Michael Dukakis highlighted this history in a campaign commercial attacking his opponent, Vice President (and former CIA Director) George H. W. Bush for his close relationship with "Panamanian drug lord Noriega."
Throughout the 1970s and the 1980s, Noriega was able to manipulate U.S. policy toward his country, while skillfully accumulating near-absolute power in Panama. It is clear that each U.S. government agency which had a relationship with Noriega turned a blind eye to his corruption and drug dealing, even as he was emerging as a key player on behalf of the Medellín Cartel (notorious for Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar). Noriega was allowed to establish "the hemisphere's first narcokleptocracy". ... One of the large financial institutions that he was able to use to launder money was the Bank of Credit and Commerce International (BCCI) which was shut down at the end of the Cold War by the FBI.
Afghanistan: Opium for the masses
Opium poppy cultivation in Afghanistan, 1994-2017 (Hectares)
Two of the following three growing seasons saw record levels of opium poppy cultivation. Corrupt officials may have undermined the government's enforcement efforts. Afghan farmers suggested that "government officials take bribes for turning a blind eye to the drug trade while punishing poor opium growers".
A NATO soldier protecting a poppy field in Afghanistan
Afghanistan produces 90 percent of the world's illicit opiates, according to the UNODC.
Did we invade Afghanistan to reopen the gates to the worlds opium supply or was it just a by-product of our invasion? One thing is for sure, anyone that believes that the only parties with a financial interest in Afghan opium are the Afghanistan people would be deluding themselves in the extreme, heroin is a worldwide multi billion dollar trade and like all suppliers of anything the Afghanistan poppy farmers were receiving a tiny percentage of that multi billion dollar racket, that trade goes well beyond Afghanistan or its supposed terrorist involvement in it, Afghan heroin sells on the international narcotics market for 100 times the price farmers get for their opium right out of the field and there are far more financially powerful players in the game in the West that don't want that trade to stop than there are in reality in Afghanistan.