A pagan god
Allah is the Arabic word referring to God in Abrahamic religions. The word is thought to be derived by contraction from al-ilah, which means "the god", and is related to El and Elohim, the Hebrew words for God.
And Elohim said further to Mosheh, "Thus you are to say to the children of Yisra'el, 'YHWH Elohim of your fathers, the Elohim of Abraham, the Elohim of Yitshaq, and the Elohim of Ya'aqob, has sent me to you. This is My Name forever, and this is My remembrance to all generations.'
Hagia Sophia Crescent Moon
Its ancient association with Ishtar/Astarte and Diana is preserved in the Moon (as symbolised by a crescent) representing the female principle (as juxtaposed with the Sun representing the male principle), and (Artemis-Diana being a virgin goddess) especially virginity and female chastity. In Roman Catholic tradition, the crescent entered Marian iconography, by the association of Mary with the Woman of the Apocalypse.
The star and crescent motif develops in the iconography of the Hellenistic period in Pontus, the Bosporan Kingdom, and notably Byzantium by the 2nd century BC. It is the conjoined representation of the crescent and a star, both of which constituent elements have a long prior history in the iconography of the Ancient Near East as representing either Sun and Moon, or Moon and Evening Star (or their divine personifications).
People bowing at the Kaaba in the Masjid al-Haram
The Kaaba ("The Cube"), is a building at the center of Islam's most sacred mosque, Al-Masjid al-Haram, in Mecca, al-Hejaz, Saudi Arabia. It is the most sacred Muslim site in the world. It is considered the "House of Allah". [...] Prior to the spread of Islam throughout the Arabian Peninsula, the Kaaba was a holy site for the various Bedouin tribes of the area. Once every lunar year, the Bedouin tribes would make a pilgrimage to Mecca. Setting aside any tribal feuds, they would worship their pagan gods in the Kaaba and trade with each other in the city. Various sculptures and paintings were held inside the Kaaba. A statue of Hubal, the principal idol of Mecca, and other pagan deities were in or around the Kaaba.
Hubal was a god worshipped in pre-Islamic Arabia, notably by Quraysh at the Kaaba in Mecca.
Crescent moon on top of Al-Masjid al-Haram
"These are the laws and right-rulings which you guard to do in the land which YHWH Elohim of your fathers is giving you to possess, all the days that you live on the soil. "Completely destroy all the places where the nations which you are dispossessing served their mighty ones, on the high mountains and on the hills and under every green tree.
A tale recorded by Ibn Al-Kalbi has Muhammad's grandfather Abdul Mutallib vowing to sacrifice one of his ten children. He consulted the arrows of Hubal to find out which child he should chose. The arrows pointed to his son Abd-Allah, the future father of Muhammad. However, he was saved when 100 camels were sacrificed in his place. According to Tabari, Abdul Mutallib later also brought the infant Muhammad himself before the image.
Sin... the heart of the Quran
Ishtar (Venus), Sin (Moon), and Shamash (Sun) on the Kudurru stele of King Melishipak
Sin or Nanna was the god of the moon in the Mesopotamian mythology of Akkad, Assyria and Babylonia.
Surah Ya-Sin is the 36th surah of the Quran. ... The name of the chapter comes from the two letters of the first verse of the chapter, which has caused much scholarly debate, and which Tafsir al-Jalalayn, a Sunni tafsir, interprets by saying, "God knows best what He means by these." Ya Sin is also one of the names of the Prophet Muhammad... It has been proposed that Ya-Sin is the "heart of the Quran".